It is safe to say that the general trend in the development of frontend technologies will be the standardization of user interface development. In particular, we are talking about a composition based on components, about the desire for modularity of systems. This trend affects almost everything — from styling to testing and even to managing the state of applications. In this trend, you can include technologies built around web components, ES modules, as well as the corresponding tools, and much more.
ES Modules and CDN
ES modules are a part of the ES6 standard that describes how to work with modules in the browser. Using this technology allows you to code some functionality in modules that can be loaded, for example, via CDN. After the release of Firefox 60, we can say that ES-modules supports all major browsers. Work on support for ES-modules is also underway in the environment Node.js. In addition, support for ES modules is expected to be added to WebAssembly.
GraphQL-API and Data-driven Client Applications
GraphQL technology and a component-based approach to development open up exciting opportunities for client-side web applications. For example, using Apollo, you can easily create UI components that work with data using GraphQL. There are many other tools that make it easier to work with GraphQL.
Using different APIs intelligently makes it easier to develop data-driven applications. This allows you to increase the speed of development. As a result, GraphQL is a technology that is worth paying attention to for those who are thinking about the future.
Web Components without Frameworks and Libraries
The components in question are built using the Custom Elements standard. It allows you to create new HTML tags, fine-tune their properties-from the appearance, to the internal mechanisms and features of working with the Shadow DOM. Notable projects in this area are Lit-html (and Lit-element), StencilJS, SvelteJS, and Bit.
Released in 2014, but received a worldwide vocation only recently. First of all, it has gained popularity due to its simplicity and very low file size. Recent updates have helped significantly bypass React and Angular in many ways. But, objectively, this framework has not yet reached the level of the previous two.
- Small learning curve
- Easy setup
- Easy integration with elements of other programming languages
- A limited set of tools
- still a small community of users
- it evolves quickly (plus and minus at the same time: due to rapid development, many development examples may be outdated)
- Isolation, reuse, and component composition
When talking about frontend development and the components that make up user interfaces, we need to think about Bit.
What is Bit in Modular JS Development?
This open-source platform allows you to isolate components (or any fragments of JS code that are suitable for multiple uses) and turn them into building blocks that can be used in a variety of projects. At the same time, the developer can control the source code of the components, manage its changes and the full tree of its dependencies.
Simply put, thanks to Bit, the developer has the opportunity to improve their components within different projects and synchronize changes. Thanks to the bit.dev component hub, this idea extends to team development, allowing team members to organize code and share it.
The Bit Hub provides the developer with everything they need to create and use components together. For example-convenient search tools, an interactive environment where you can experiment with components, full CI/CD support.
Thanks to Bit, you can use not only components created by the efforts of your team but also open-source projects. This includes the ability to recommend changes to existing components, and the ability to share your developments.
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